High Cholesterol

Educational Material – High Cholesterol

High Cholesterol - Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Having high cholesterol can expand your danger of heart and circulatory infections, for example, cardiovascular failure, stroke and vascular dementia.

What is high cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a greasy substance found in your blood. It’s created normally in the liver. Everybody has cholesterol. We need it to remain solid in light of the fact that each cell in our body utilizes it. A portion of this cholesterol comes from the food we eat.

High cholesterol is the point at which you have an excessive amount of cholesterol in your blood. This can build your danger of heart and circulatory infections, for example, cardiovascular failure and stroke.

What are the types of cholesterol?

There are two fundamental kinds of cholesterol, one good and the other bad. Having excessively ‘bad’ cholesterol can cause issues with your wellbeing. Cholesterol is conveyed in your blood by proteins. At the point when cholesterol and proteins join, they’re called lipoproteins.

High-density lipoproteins or HDL is called ‘good’ cholesterol. This is on the grounds that it disposes of the ‘awful’ cholesterol from your blood. It takes cholesterol that you needn’t bother with back to the liver. The liver separates it so it very well may be dropped from your body.

Non-high-density lipoproteins or non-HDL is called ‘bad’ cholesterol. This is on the grounds that when there is a lot of it, it can develop inside the dividers of the veins. This obstructs them causing narrowing of the courses which builds your danger of having a coronary failure or stroke.

You may have likewise heard ‘bad’ cholesterol is called ‘LDL‘ cholesterol. This was recently utilised as the fundamental proportion of bad cholesterol however we currently realise that different types of non-HDL cholesterol are additionally hurtful.


Our blood additionally contains a kind of fat called triglycerides. This is put away in the muscle versus fat’s cells. Being overweight, eating a ton of greasy and sweet food sources or drinking an excessive amount of liquor can make you bound to have a high fatty oil level. Triglycerides can likewise add to the narrowing of the conduit dividers, expanding your danger. You may see it on your cholesterol understanding outcomes, and your PCP will actually want to advise you if it’s excessively high.

You can have an ordinary degree of HDL and non-HDL cholesterol yet at the same time, have a high triglyceride level.

Why is high cholesterol bad for you?

Non-HDL, take cholesterol from the liver to the cells around your body. An excess of bad cholesterol (non-HDL) can be destructive in light of the fact that it adheres to within dividers of your veins. This can prompt greasy material (atheroma) developing – this interaction is known as atherosclerosis. It makes it harder for blood to course through, which can prompt a cardiovascular failure or a stroke.

On the off chance that your all out cholesterol is high, it can imply that you have a great deal of awful (non-HDL) cholesterol in your blood. An undeniable degree of good (HDL) cholesterol can help hold that terrible cholesterol under tight restraints and eliminate it from your body.

What should my cholesterol level be?

There is no particular objective cholesterol level on the grounds that your PCP is taking a gander at your general danger of creating heart and circulatory infections. The below video shows a discussion about cholesterol numbers.

What causes high cholesterol?

Anybody can get elevated cholesterol, and it tends to be brought about by various things. A few things you can handle like way of life propensities, others you can’t. However long you deal with the things you can handle, you’ll help bring down your danger.

Things that cause elevated cholesterol you can handle:

  • eating an excess of immersed fat
  • not being adequately dynamic
  • having a lot of muscle versus fat, particularly around your centre.

Smoking can prompt high cholesterol levels, and the development of tar it causes in your corridors makes it simpler for cholesterol to adhere to your supply route dividers.

On the off chance that you are overweight or have diabetes, you are at more serious danger of having elevated cholesterol.

Things that cause high cholesterol you can’t handle:

  • getting old
  • in the event that you are male or female
  • ethnic foundation
  • Familial Hypercholesterolaemia (FH), a type of high cholesterol you are brought into the world with
  • kidney or liver illness
  • an underactive thyroid organ

Signs and manifestations of High cholesterol

There aren’t generally any normal signs you have high cholesterol which is the reason it’s so imperative to get it looked at. It’s a secret danger factor that implies it occurs without us knowing until it’s past the point of no return.

How is cholesterol measured?

Blood cholesterol levels are estimated utilizing a basic blood test. Your GP or practice attendant will take a blood test, generally by pricking your finger or you may be approached to go for a blood test at your nearby clinic.

Your blood is then checked for levels of good (HDL) cholesterol, bad (non-HDL) cholesterol and fatty oils, just as getting a complete cholesterol result.

Cholesterol and fatty substances are estimated in units called millimoles per liter of blood, normally abbreviated to ‘mmol/Liter’ or ‘mmol/L’. By and large talking, for a solid heart, the point is to have a low non-HDL level and a higher HDL level.

On the off chance that you have been advised you have a high cholesterol level, you have excessively ‘terrible cholesterol in your circulation system which expands your danger of having a coronary failure or stroke. In any case, an undeniable degree of ‘good’ (HDL) cholesterol can help keep that ‘terrible’ (non-HDL) cholesterol under control.

How might having high cholesterol affect my wellbeing?

Your danger of heart and circulatory sickness is expanded in the event that you have high cholesterol just as other danger factors, for example,

  • smoking
  • hypertension
  • being genuinely dormant
  • being overweight
  • having diabetes
  • family background of untimely coronary illness (before 55 for men and before 65 for ladies)
  • being of South Asian birthplace

The more danger factors you have, the higher your danger of building up a heart or circulatory illnesses, for example, a respiratory failure, stroke or vascular dementia.

How might I bring down my cholesterol levels?

  • Eat a solid adjusted eating regimen, low in immersed fat
  • Get dynamic
  • Stop smoking

Prescriptions and medicines for high cholesterol

On the off chance that your cholesterol is high and if way of life changes are adequately not, your PCP may recommend controlling it with prescription.

Statins are the principle kind of medication used to lessen cholesterol. Your primary care physician will inform you as to whether you need to ingest whatever other medications which help control your cholesterol levels. They may likewise allude you to an expert called a lipidologist.

On the off chance that you have inquiries regarding your medications, talk with your primary care physician. 

Help and support

Your primary care physician ought to keep in touch with you at regular intervals about this, yet you can likewise plan to check your circulatory strain.

On the off chance that you have high cholesterol, realise that you’re in good company. Discover support from medical services experts and individuals around you.

Source: British Heart Foundation

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